Want some ideas on how to teaching students how to integrate quotes and textual evidence in to writing? I’ve got you.
A couple weeks ago, Sam and I were given the task of creating a lesson plan to teach how to properly cite and analyze textual evidence (or integrate a quote into your paper), as students were struggling to incorporate them fluidly within their paragraphs. Desperately, we searched google, Youtube, and educational sites alike for some sort of video that was even half-entertaining with tips or demonstrations on how to do it, but to no avail.
But then, the clouds parted, and we came across this clip from the Colbert Report. Compared to what we had been finding previously, it was perfect. Colbert satirically presents a message from Wheat Thins, expertly quoting from and commenting on a memo they had sent him as a guideline.
They even zoom in on the quotes during the clip, making talking about his usage of quotes that much easier during class. It went over great! And no fear, it is a miraculously politically neutral clip for Colbert, so no discomfort about ideological undertones necessary.
As we had had such trouble developing an engaging lesson plan for this, I decided to go ahead and post it for others for ideas, as teaching how to integrate quotes will not be going away anytime soon for any middle or high school teacher. Enjoy, and feel free to comment or expand!
Incorporating Textual Evidence Lesson Plan:
- 3 min: Show an excerpt of Colbert video (minute markers 1:50–2:27*), ask students to notice how he leads into a quote, how much of the quote he uses, and then how he continues after the quote.
- After clip: discuss what they find
- 10 min: Short Text Evidence Presentation
- when to quote
- common errors in quoting
- ”quote sandwich”–show a second excerpt from Colbert video (minute markers 2:27–4:00), have them talk about what parts were “part of the sandwich”
- show examples of good intro and supporting sentences (and explain why they are absolutely necessary–stress that if they take anything away, this should be it)—possibly excerpts from newspapers, etc.
- 10 min: Writing activity. Have each student pick a quote out of a bag. Tape/glue it onto a lined sheet of paper (note: we actually ended up amending this during class, and simply gave each student a sheet full of quotes to choose from, and they copied it into their notebook–much simpler). Each student must write an intro and supporting sentence for their quote using the “quote sandwich” idea. Walk around room to answer questions and give suggestions on how students can push their writing even further.
- 5 min: Have students get into groups and share with each other
- 5 min: (If time) Each group can share one member’s sentence sandwich to class.
*I actually originally wrote and posted this on Pedablogical Thoughts with a colleague quite a few years ago while we were still a pre-student teachers, and it turned out to be a popular lesson. Since I’ve switched to this new site, I took this post with me so it could have proper upkeep and TLC.
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You’d probably also like this Peer Conference/Feedback lesson plan. It’s good to use for ANY type of writing and designed to lift both student’s academic conversations and writing. Swoon.
Looking for more ways to celebrate and publish student work at the end of your units? Check out my post with a list of OVER 50 ideas you could do with your students to publish their writing. Why not hand over the list to them and let them pick?
Also these FREE resources:
Want to get your feet wet? Try this Slam Poetry Day One: Speak Your Truth for free. It’s the perfect lesson to kick off your poetry or slam poetry unit with a meaningful bang.
20 Ways to Help Reluctant Writers in your Classroom–a list of ways you can make your classroom more friendly to students reluctant to write, as well as trouble-shooting ideas for students who refuse to write.
How to Teach Students to Own that Speech–a lesson plan I’ve also adapted for teaching Slam Poetry, this is the perfect lesson before your slam poetry competition.
Teaching Writing Pinterest Board–My spot to collect all the most useful resources I can find for teaching writing–if you like this post, you’re sure to like this collection.
ELA Resources Pinterest Board–A collation of engaging, best-practice resources for ELA teachers.
My Teachers Pay Teachers Store–If you liked this, you’re sure to like resources in my store. I’ve taught writing for grades 6, 7, 8, 10, and 12, so teaching writing is my store’s specialty!
*As always, please make sure you preview videos to evaluate the appropriateness for your students. Though I give recommendations on specific excerpts from the video (that I believe to be acceptable for my own students), I am not responsible for the content of any material that you choose to show to your students.